Graduate and Honours Opportunities
The ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science offers a range of graduate and honours opportunities. Outstanding students may receive top-ups above the rates funded via Australian Postgraduate Awards (APAs) from the Centre of Excellence. We will also offer some international student fee scholarships. Scholarships for honours students may be available for outstanding students. Generous travel support exists for students to visit our international partners.
Many projects are supervised across universities and also there is an expectation that most projects will be co-supervised by experts from the CSIRO, Bureau of Meteorology, or one of our international partners.
Climate System Science is a highly quantitative discipline. Most students who will be taken on through the centre will have: A quantitative honours degree, which might include Mathematics, Statistics, Physics, Hydrology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Engineering etc. It might include Biology if you also have Mathematics or computing skills and it might include a range of degrees like Physical Geography, Environmental Science etc again with a reasonable quantitative background. There are always exceptions and you are always welcome to contact us. Almost all Climate System Science requires strong computer science skills. Programming, scripting, management of data sets that may be measured in Petabytes or using Peta-scale computers for analysis and simulation are common in our science and literacy has to be developed in these areas.
The Centre does not usually take new measurements but you are welcome to approach us to discuss exceptions.
Example projects are listed below. However, we emphasize that you are welcome to approach anyone in the Centre with an idea for a project and – in many cases – the best PhD students should have a sense of what they want to study and we welcome such students.
For further information about study in the Centre of Excellence please contact our Graduate Director Melissa Hart.
Examples of Projects
At the Australian National University in ocean sciences; and land surface biophysics and modelling:
- Using high resolution ocean models to understand the dynamics of the large scale ocean circulation and its role in altering climate change and variability. There is a particular emphasis on the Southern Ocean and it's connection with other oceans. Talk to Andy Hogg.
- Projects around terrestrial processes, terrestrial feedbacks are available. Talk to Mike Roderick.
- Land surface biophysics: Process-based studies that examine land-atmopshere coupling. We are especially interested in the coupling between water, energy and carbon and the linkages back to local and regional climates. Talk to Mike Roderick.
At Monash in large-scale climate dynamics:
- Natural climate variability has a land-sea contrast with ocean variability being amplified over land. The student will focus on how this works in climate models and observations. Talk to Christian Jakob.
- Global decadal climate modes: Climate variability on time scales longer than a decade have global teleconnections, leading to global Hyper Climate Modes. The student will analyze in models and observations how these teleconnections work. Talk to Dietmar Dommenget.
- Climate Sensitivity uncertainty: IPCC climate change predictions remain uncertain. The student will do climate model sensitivity studies to investigate the causes of these uncertainties and will try to correct model biases to improve the predictions. Talk to Christian Jakob.
- The relationship between Rossby wave breaking and the low frequency variability of the Southern Hemisphere using the Australian Community Climate and Earth System Simulator (ACCESS; www.accessimulator.org.au). Talk to Michael Reeder.
- Understanding the role of diabatic heating on the warm conveyor belt of extratropical cyclones, its effect on the breaking of Rossby waves downstream, and the subsequent generation of extreme precipitation. Talk to Michael Reeder.
At UNSW land, atmosphere and ocean sciences:
- The role of mesoscale eddies and large-scale modes in Southern Ocean circulation, heat transport and climate. This project will combine models, observations and theory to develop a greater understanding of the Southern ocean and its role in climate. Talk to Matt England.
- The role of fine-scale ocean circulation in representing ENSO and other tropical modes in climate models. This project will investigate the role of mesoscale flow patterns in the development, onset and decay of ENSO events using high resolution models. Applications to other tropical modes may also be pursued. Talk to Matt England.
- The dynamics of convective thermals and cells. Talk to Steve Sherwood.
- The parameterization of new processes in land surface models, there are a wide range of processes that need to be included. Talk to Andy Pitman about how to prioritize these.
- Interpreting results from ensembles of climate model results, especially quantifying model dependence and its relationship to model performance in ensembles. Talk to Gab Abramowitz.
- The large-scale circulation of the atmosphere is critical to many aspects of climate projection. Projects such as “The controls on the latitude of Earth's jet streams and storm tracks", "The controls on large-scale precipitation patterns in GCMs" and "The relationship between regional climate variability and the time scale of annular modes" are projects Joe Kidston is interested in hearing from students about.
- Projects also exist in using recent developments in spatial extremes. Talk to Lisa Alexander.
- Projects understanding the variability and drivers of heatwaves, droughts and extreme rainfall across Australia and the globe, and future changes. Talk to Lisa Alexander.
- Investiagating the impacts of urbanisation on local climates; the parameterization of urban surfaces in regional climate models. Talk to Melissa Hart.
- A number of projects are available that all study how and on what time scales water moves through the ocean. One such project is around the flow from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean on the southern side of Australia (the so-called Tasman leakage). Talk to Erik van Sebille.
- Investigating ocean circulation in a Lagrangian framework, using both model and observational velocity fields to compute how water parcels move through the ocean. The trajectories often provide a completely different perspective on ocean circulation, see http://www.youtube.com/user/erikvansebille for a few examples of particle experiments in ocean models. Talk to Erik van Sebille.
At the University of Tasmania:
- How do eddies impact oceanic carbon cycling? The student will analyze optical data from autonomous profiling floats, surface satellite observations and ship-based CO2 data. Talk to Peter Strutton.
- Internal gravity waves and mixing in the Southern Ocean. The project will bring together recent observations and numerical simulations of internal waves and turbulence in the Southern Ocean to get a deeper understanding of mixing processes in the ocean interior. Talk to Maxim Nikurashin.
- Sensitivity of the ocean’s overturning circulation to changes in climate. The project will focus on the sensitivity of the ocean's overturning circulation to changes in forcing conditions across models of different complexity. Talk to Maxim Nikurashin.
At the University of Melbourne:
- Dynamics of deep convection: This project will use a variety of theoretical and modelling approaches to examine precipitating convective clouds, their organization, and the processes that govern their interaction with the surrounding atmosphere. Talk to Todd Lane.
- Extreme weather and climate events: How much were the chances of the extreme rain events in eastern Australia in 2011 or the extreme heat waves in 2009 affected by climate change and by natural climate variations? Observational data and climate model simulations will be used to assess the different factors affecting the risk of extreme events in Australia. Talk to David Karoly.
- Causes of trends in temperature extremes: In Australia, there have been larges increases in hot extremes and decreases in cold extremes over the last 50 years. Different approaches will be used to assess the likely causes from climate model experiments and observational data. Talk to David Karoly.
- Comparison of climate model simulations with Australian palaeoclimate data covering the last 1000 years. Talk to Joelle Gergis and David Karoly.